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Gynaecological laparoscopy Treatments

Gynaecological laparoscopy

A gynaecological laparoscopy is a procedure to look inside your pelvis (lower abdomen or tummy). It allows your surgeon to examine your womb (uterus), fallopian tubes and ovaries. Gynaecological laparoscopy can help to diagnose conditions and also to treat them where possible.
 

About Gynaecological Laparoscopy

A laparoscopy is also called keyhole surgery. It means a surgeon performs the procedure through small cuts (incisions) in your tummy. It can be a safer alternative to open surgery, which involves having a larger cut to open up your tummy. It’s usually associated with fewer complications and a shorter recovery time.

You may have a gynaecological laparoscopy to investigate certain symptoms, such as pain in your pelvis. You may have other tests, such as an ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computer tomography (CT) scan first. You may also have a gynaecological laparoscopy to treat a condition. Examples of when you may have one include:

diagnosing and treating endometriosis removing scar tissue (adhesions) treating an ectopic pregnancy performing sterilisation, which means sealing or blocking your fallopian tubes so that you can no longer get pregnant diagnosing and removing an ovarian cyst removing your womb (hysterectomy) or ovaries (oophorectomy) treating fibroids investigating long-term pain in your pelvis if you’re having fertility problems, it’s sometimes used to look for reasons why you might not be getting pregnant investigating whether you may have cancer or whether cancer has spread Your doctor will explain why they’re recommending a gynaecological laparoscopy, and will talk about the benefits and potential risks involved. They will discuss with you what will happen before, during and after your procedure, including any pain you might have. If you’re unsure about anything, don’t be afraid to ask. You’ll be asked to sign a consent form before the procedure, so it’s important that you feel fully informed.

Preparing for A Gynaecological Laparoscopy

A specialist doctor called a gynaecologist will usually carry out your gynaecological laparoscopy. our hospital will give you information explaining how to prepare for your procedure.
If you’re having a gynaecological laparoscopy to diagnose a condition, you’ll usually have the procedure and go home the same day. If you are having the procedure to treat a condition, you’re still likely to be able to go home the same day. But sometimes you may need to stay in hospital overnight, so be prepared for this. Your doctor will let you know if this may be necessary. If you go home the same day, you’ll need someone to drive you and stay with you overnight.
 
A gynaecological laparoscopy is usually done under general anaesthesia, which means you’ll be asleep during the procedure. A general anaesthetic can make you sick, so you’ll need to stop eating and drinking around six hours before your procedure. You can usually drink water up to two hours before your procedure, but check any fasting instructions with your hospital.
 
At the hospital, a nurse will test your urine (pee) to check that you’re not pregnant or have any conditions that could cause complications.
 
You may be asked to wear compression stockings to help prevent blood clots forming in the veins in your legs (deep vein thrombosis). You may need an injection of an anticlotting medicine, as well as wearing compression stockings for procedures that are likely to take longer.

Gynaecological Laparoscopy Procedure

Gynaecological laparoscopy usually takes about half an hour to an hour if you’re having it to diagnose a condition. It will take longer if your doctor needs to treat a condition.
 
Our Dr. Heena Agrawal doctor will first make a small cut in your lower tummy, usually in or near your tummy button (navel). They’ll then put a needle through this cut and pass carbon dioxide through to gently inflate your tummy. This allows your surgeon to see better and have room to move the instruments around.
 
Next, your doctor will insert a laparoscope through the same cut, to see inside your tummy. A laparoscope is a small tube with a camera and a light on the end. The camera on the laparoscope sends video images of the inside of your tummy to a monitor where your doctor can see it. Your doctor will then make one or more additional small cuts in your tummy to pass through any instruments needed for your procedure.
 
At the end of the procedure, your doctor will release the carbon dioxide gas from your tummy. They will close the cuts in your skin with stitches or glue.
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